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2020年公共英语二级阅读理解试题二

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发布时间:2019年11月24日 08:12:00 来源:环球网校 点击量:

【摘要】小编给大家带来2020年公共英语二级阅读理解试题二,希望对大家有所帮助。加入环球网校有专业的老师为您解答问题,还可以和考友一起交流!

Passage 1

While famous foreign architects are invited to lead the designs of landmark buildings in China such as the new CCTV tower and the National Center for the Performing Arts,many excellent Chinese architects are making great efforts to take the center stage.

Their efforts have been proven fruitful.Wang Shu,a 49-year-old Chinese architect,won the 2012 Pritzker Architecture Prize—which is often referred to as the Nobel Prize in architecture—on February 28.He is the first Chinese citizen to win this award.

Wang serves as head of the Architecture Department at the China Academy of Art(CAA)。His office is located at the Xiangshan campus(校园)of the university in Hangzhou,Zhejiang Province。Many buildings on the campus are his original creations。

The style of the campus is quite different from that of most Chinese universities.Many visitors were amazed by the complex architectural space and abundant building types.The curves(曲线)of the buildings perfectly match the rise and fall of hills,forming a unique view.

Wang collected more than 7 million abandoned bricks of different ages.He asked the workers to use traditional techniques to make the bricks into walls,roofs and corridors.This creation attracted a lot of attention thanks to its mixture of modern and traditional Chinese elements(元素).

Wang’s works show a deep understanding of modern architecture and a good knowledge of traditions。Through such a balance,he had created a new type of Chinese architecture,said Tadao Ando,the winner of the 1995 Pritzker Prize。

百家乐技巧Wang believes traditions should not be sealed in glass boxes at museums。“That is only evidence that traditions once existed,”he said。

“Many Chinese people have a misunderstanding of traditions.They think tradition means old things from the past.In fact,tradition also refers to the things that have been developing and that are still being created,”he said.

“Today,many Chinese people are learning Western styles and theories rather than focusing on Chinese traditions。Many people tend to talk about traditions without knowing what they really are,”said Wang。

The study of traditions should be combined with practice。Otherwise,the recreation of traditions would be artificial and empty,he said。

1.Wang’s winning of the prize means that Chinese architects are    .

A.following the latest world trend

B.getting international recognition

C.working harder than ever before

D.relying on foreign architects

2。What impressed visitors to the CAA Xiangshan campus most?

A。Its hilly environment。

B.Its large size.

C.Its unique style.

D.Its diverse functions.

3.What made Wang’s architectural design a success?

A.The mixture of different shapes.

百家乐技巧B。The balance of East and West。

C。The use of popular techniques。

D.The harmony of old and new.

4.What should we do about Chinese traditions according to Wang?

A.Spread them to the world.

B.Preserve them at museums.

C。Teach them in universities。

D。Recreate them in practice。

Passage 2

Preparing Cities for Robot Cars

The possibility of self-driving robot cars has often seemed like a futurist’s dream,years away from materializing in the real world。Well,the future is apparently now。The California Department of Motor Vehicles began giving permits in April for companies to test truly self-driving cars on public roads。The state also cleared the way for companies to sell or rent out self-driving cars,and for companies to operate driverless taxi services。California,it should be noted,isn’t leading the way here。Companies have been testing their vehicles in cities across the country。It’s hard to predict when driverless cars will be everywhere on our roads。But however long it takes,the technology has the potential to change our transportation systems and our cities,for better or for worse,depending on how the transformation is regulated。

While much of the debate so far has been focused on the safety of driverless cars(and rightfully so),policymakers also should be talking about how self-driving vehicles can help reduce traffic jams,cut emissions(排放) and offer more convenient,affordable mobility options。The arrival of driverless vehicles is a chance to make sure that those vehicles are environmentally friendly and more shared。

Do we want to copy—or even worsen—the traffic of today with driverless cars?Imagine a future where most adults own individual self-driving vehicles.They tolerate long,slow journeys to and from work on packed highways because they can work,entertain themselves or sleep on the ride,which encourages urban spread.They take their driverless car to an appointment and set the empty vehicle to circle the building to avoid paying for parking.Instead of walking a few blocks to pick up a child or the dry cleaning,they send the self-driving minibus.The convenience even leads fewer people to take public transport—an unwelcome side effect researchers have already found in ride-hailing(叫车) services.

A study from the University of California at Davis suggested that replacing petrol-powered private cars worldwide with electric,self-driving and shared systems could reduce carbon emissions from transportation 80% and cut the cost of transportation infrastructure(基础设施) and operations 40% by 2050.Fewer emissions and cheaper travel sound pretty appealing.The first commercially available driverless cars will almost certainly be fielded by ride-hailing services,considering the cost of self-driving technology as well as liability and maintenance issues(责任与维护问题).But driverless car ownership could increase as the prices drop and more people become comfortable with the technology.

Policymakers should start thinking now about how to make sure the appearance of driverless vehicles doesn’t extend the worst aspects of the car-controlled transportation system we have today。The coming technological advancement presents a chance for cities and states to develop transportation systems designed to move more people,and more affordably。The car of the future is coming。We just have to plan for it。

1。According to the author,attention should be paid to how driverless cars can    。

A.help deal with transportation-related problems

B.provide better services to customers

C。cause damage to our environment

D.make some people lose jobs

2.As for driverless cars,what is the author’s major concern?

A。Safety。 B。Side effects。

C。Affordability。 D。Management。

3。What does the underlined word “fielded” in Paragraph 4 probably mean?

A.Employed. B.Replaced.

C.Shared. D.Reduced.

4.What is the author’s attitude to the future of self-driving cars?

A。Doubtful。 B。Positive。

C.Disapproving. D.Sympathetic.

Passage 1

【语篇导读】本文是一篇新闻报道。文章主要介绍正在崛起的中国建筑师的代表性人物——王澍。他的作品向我们展示了他对现代和传统建筑学的深层和独特的解读。考生如果怕自己错过考试报名时间和考试时间的话,可以 免费预约短信提醒,届时会以短信的方式提醒大家报名和考试时间。

1.Wang’s winning of the prize means that Chinese architects are    .

A.following the latest world trend

B。getting international recognition

C。working harder than ever before

D。relying on foreign architects

答案 B

解析 推理判断题。由第二段中的“Wang Shu。。。won the 2012 Pritzker Architecture Prize。。。He is the first Chinese citizen to win this award。”可推知,在王澍之前,没有中国人曾获此殊荣,他是中国第一位获得国际认可的建筑师,所以答案为B项。

2.What impressed visitors to the CAA Xiangshan campus most?

A.Its hilly environment.

B。Its large size。

百家乐技巧C.Its unique style.

D。Its diverse functions。

答案 C

解析 细节理解题。由第四段中的“The style of the campus is quite different from that of most Chinese universities。 Many visitors were amazed by。。。”可知,王澍设计的校园建筑风格独树一帜,和其他大学完全不同,很多游客对此惊叹不已,所以使游客印象深刻的应该是这个校区的独特建筑风格。答案为C项。

百家乐技巧3.What made Wang’s architectural design a success?

A.The mixture of different shapes.

B.The balance of East and West.

C。The use of popular techniques。

D.The harmony of old and new.

答案 D

解析 细节理解题。由第五段最后一句“This creation...thanks to its mixture of modern and traditional Chinese elements(元素).”及第六段中的“Wang’s works show a deep understanding of modern architecture and a good knowledge of traditions. Through such a balance...”可知,王澍的设计把现代与传统中国元素进行了完美融合,即新旧的和谐统一,最终获得成功,所以答案为D项。

4.What should we do about Chinese traditions according to Wang?

A。Spread them to the world。

B。Preserve them at museums。

C.Teach them in universities.

D。Recreate them in practice。

答案 D

解析 细节理解题。由最后一段内容可知,对传统的研究必须要和实践相结合,否则对传统建筑学的再利用就会显得虚假和空洞,所以答案为D项。

Passage 2

【语篇导读】介绍了人类即将进入“无人驾驶”时代,这将给人类带来益处还是带来不利影响?无论怎样,我们的时代已经为其做好了准备。

1。According to the author,attention should be paid to how driverless cars can    。

A.help deal with transportation-related problems

B.provide better services to customers

C.cause damage to our environment

D。make some people lose jobs

答案 A

解析 推理判断题。根据第二段可知,虽然目前人们一直关注无人驾驶车的安全问题,但作者认为政策制定者也应该关注无人驾驶技术如何帮助减轻交通阻塞、减排及提供更多的交通便利、可支付的出行选择等问题,即作者认为应关注无人驾驶技术能帮助减少这些与交通有关的问题,故选A项。

2。As for driverless cars,what is the author’s major concern?

A.Safety. B.Side effects.

C.Affordability. D.Management.

答案 D

解析 推理判断题。第三段主要描述了无人驾驶车的一些使用便利,即这些正是作者的关注点。management “管理;使用手段”可概括这些使用方法,故选D项。

百家乐技巧3.What does the underlined word “fielded” in Paragraph 4 probably mean?

A。Employed。 B。Replaced。

C.Shared. D.Reduced.

答案 A

解析 词义猜测题。根据该句逗号后面“considering the cost of self-driving technology as well as liability and maintenance issues(责任与维护问题)。”可知,第一批无人驾驶车几乎可以确定是用于叫车服务,故此处划线词意思是“被使用(employed)”,故选A项。

4。What is the author’s attitude to the future of self-driving cars?

A.Doubtful. B.Positive.

C。Disapproving。 D。Sympathetic。

答案 B

解析 推理判断题。根据文章最后一句“The car of the future is coming.We just have to plan for it.”可知,作者对无人驾驶车是持积极支持的态度,故选B项。

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